Pregnancy Life Cycle

Pregnancy is one of the most beautiful and transformative experiences in a woman’s life. From conception to birth, the journey of pregnancy is filled with numerous changes and milestones, both for the mother and the baby. At Annai Hospital in Madurai, we understand the importance of providing comprehensive care and support to expectant mothers throughout this remarkable journey. In this blog post, we will explore the stages of pregnancy, highlighting the key developments and challenges that occur during each phase.


The journey of pregnancy begins with conception, when a sperm fertilizes an egg, forming a zygote. This usually occurs during ovulation, when a woman’s ovary releases an egg into the fallopian tube. The fertilized egg then travels down the fallopian tube to the uterus, where it implants itself into the uterine lining, initiating the development of the placenta.

First Trimester:

The first trimester spans from week 1 to week 12 of pregnancy and is characterized by rapid growth and development of the embryo. During this time, the baby’s major organs and structures begin to form, including the heart, brain, limbs, and facial features. Expectant mothers may experience symptoms such as morning sickness, fatigue, and breast tenderness as their bodies adjust to the hormonal changes of pregnancy.

Second Trimester:

From week 13 to week 26, the second trimester is often referred to as the “honeymoon phase” of pregnancy. By this time, the risk of miscarriage decreases, and many women find relief from early pregnancy symptoms. The baby continues to grow and develop, and expectant mothers may begin to feel fetal movements, known as quickening. It’s also a time for routine prenatal screenings and tests to monitor the baby’s health and development.

Third Trimester:

The final stage of pregnancy, from week 27 to birth, brings about significant changes and preparations for childbirth. The baby’s growth accelerates, and the mother may experience discomfort due to the increasing size of her abdomen. Braxton Hicks contractions, or “practice contractions,” may occur as the body prepares for labor. Expectant mothers are encouraged to attend childbirth education classes and finalize their birth plans during this time.

Labor and Delivery:

Childbirth is the culmination of the pregnancy journey, marked by the onset of labor and the delivery of the baby. Labor typically begins with contractions that gradually increase in frequency and intensity, leading to the dilation and effacement of the cervix. Once the cervix is fully dilated, the mother enters the pushing stage, where she actively works to push the baby through the birth canal. With proper medical support and guidance, the baby is born, and the mother enters the postpartum period.


The pregnancy life cycle is a remarkable journey filled with joy, anticipation, and challenges. At Annai Hospital, we are committed to providing expectant mothers with the highest quality care and support throughout every stage of pregnancy. From prenatal check-ups to labor and delivery, our team of experienced healthcare professionals is here to ensure a safe and positive experience for both mother and baby.